Some of the rivers in the world are found on the Asian continent and they travel through some of the region’s largest cities. However, some of the major cities are on rivers that may not be the longest in the world yet are still vital water ways. China contains some of the world’s largest rivers. The Yangtze River is the third largest river in the world flowing entirely through China. Along its 6,300 km course it supports 400 million people with Shanghai situated on its delta’
Shanghai is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities in China and with a population of 24 million people is the second largest city in the world. It contains the busiest container sea port of in the world so the significance of the river in the growth of Shanghai has been huge. As of 2014 the largest city in the world is also in China and is 1700km inland from Shanghai. Chongqin which has a population of 30 million people. The city has grown enormously in the last twenty years as it was created to deal with the development of the Three Gorges Dam along the Yangtze River.
The city is situated at the confluence of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River and is surrounded by both plains and mountain peaks. It is also one of the four direct-controlled municipalities in China and is by far the furthest away from the coast. The Yellow river also runs entirely through China and is the sixth longest river in the world flowing for 5,464 km. There are fewer more polluted rivers in the world and this is as a result of the river running through China’s industrial heartland.
The color of the river always appears to be mucky, and this is as a result of it carrying as much silt as any in the world. The silt it picks up from the Shaanx Loess Plateau explains its yellow color and from its source in Tibet it flows through the heart of Northern China to empty into the Bohai Sea near the city of Dongying. The largest city it flows through is Lanzhou which is one of the most polluted cities in the world home to petro-chemical industries and brickyard kilns. On its journeys it supplies water to 155 million people and passes other cities such as Bingling, Yinchuan and Zhengzhou. The Mekong River is one of the most famous rivers in Asia and is the third longest river in the world running 4350 km from its source in Tibet to its famous delta on the South China Sea. On its journey it passes through six different countries and has affected many different people’s lives.
Only the Amazon River has more bio-diversity than the Mekong and this wide range of flora and fauna has meant that so many people have been able to live off the natural riches it provides. The largest city on The Mekong is Ho Chi Minh City which is located on its delta. The city which was once called Saigon, has grown from a small fishing village into the capital of Vietnam with a population of over 8 million people. The war in the 1960s brought the Mekong to the world’s attention and previous conflicts have now been put to one side as the countries work together to manage the river.
Another capital city found on its course is Phnom Penh which is the capital of Cambodia. In fact there are two other rivers in the area, the Tonle Sap and the Bassac, and the combination of these three has given the city its drinking water and its rich agricultural soils for centuries. Pnomh Penh supports a population of 1.5 million people and has survived as a result of the riches the Mekong has provided. Today many tourists flock into the city and the river is used as a major transport route. The rivers found in Asia have had a profound effect on the development on the countries that they have flown through and have had an important influence on the lives of millions people.